Leveraging conservation action with open‐source hardware

Researchers in a wide variety of fields are gradually realizing the benefits of open-source hardware (OSH) in their scientific activities, though not easily. Projects associated with OSH often fail for lack of technological know-how, long-term funding, and strong organization. In this 2019 article, Hill et al. suggest the benefits of “a provisional framework for developing and sustaining the life cycle of not‐for‐profit OSH,” in this case applying it to their biological and conservation science. The authors describe their six-phase framework spread across two management teams, one for engineering and one for logistics (with both sharing social media and outreach duties). They present as a case study the AudioMoth project for the development of a low-cost, full-spectrum acoustic logger, which was largely crowd-sourced. They conclude by emphasizing the importance of frameworks such as theirs, stating that without them “existing OSH will continue to have short life spans, and remain out of reach for the majority of conservation biologists.” More broadly, they also note the need “to push access to OSH toward communities outside of the pockets of wealth and high opportunity that the framework may initially serve.”

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